Machine Learning News - December 2017
Using machine learning to predict bankruptcy.Computing.co.uk, December 5, 2017.
A new research found that UK was expected to face the largest increase in bankruptcies among any of the EU economies in 2017. A team of researchers at Genpact collected 11 years of financial data on 267 bankrupt companies and 585 healthy companies across IT and healthcare sectors to prove if machine learning could predict bankruptcy in advance of it being occured. The team successfully proved that using machine learning they could predict bankruptcies 2 years in advance , something that would never have been possible by manually reviewing the data and using traditional statistical methods.
(Source : https://www.computing.co.uk/ctg/opinion/3022370/using-machine-learning-to-predict-bankruptcy )
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IBM scientists demonstrate 10x faster large-scale machine learning using GPUs. Phys.org, December 5, 2017
Training any machine learning model on terabyte scale dataset is a difficult problem. Even if there is a server with enough memory to fit all the data training the model still requires lot of time. Special hardware devices like GPU’s have garnered significance for handling compute intensive workloads but it is yet difficult to manage highly data-intensive workloads with these GPU’s. IBM research team has developed a scheme for training big data sets with speed. A single GPU could process 30GB of training dataset in less than a minute (10x faster than the existing methods for limited memory training.
(Source : https://phys.org/news/2017-12-ibm-scientists-10x-faster-large-scale.html )
Google launches new machine learning services for analyzing video and text content.SiliconAngle.com, December 5, 2017
Google has announced the availability of its two novel machine learning services that will help developers integrate additional intelligence into their software applications. The two services named Google’s Cloud Video Intelligence and Cloud Natural Language Content Classification are machine learning programming interfaces designed to analyse video content and classify text content into 700+ categories. Cloud Video Intelligence service can identify 229 airplane models, 180 different kinds of fruit, 667 cars and more than 200 different kinds of buildings that include supermarkets and convention centres. Using the Google’s Content Classification for Cloud Natural Language machine learning service documents can be sorted into various categories like hobbies and leisure, arts and entertainment , news, law and government and many more.
(Source : https://siliconangle.com/blog/2017/12/05/google-launches-new-machine-learning-services-analyzing-video-text-content/ )
How Machine Learning Can Help Identify Cyber Vulnerabilities.hbr.org, December 13, 2017.
IBM’s Cyber Security Intelligence Index estimates that 95% of all security incidents are because of human errors, whether it is because of clicking on malicious links, having their systems stolen or misconfiguration of the servers by network admins.IBM scientists are discovering novel methods with the use of big data and machine learning to better understand humans and predict errors or suspicious/ abnormal user behaviors to provide better protection against security risks. The new technology leveraging the power of machine learning will let security teams better understand their employees and identify any suspicious or abnormal behaviour. The goal is to build risk based authentication systems to provide staff access to data or systems based on a risk score of their previous behaviour patterns and comparing it with the systems they are requesting access to.
(Source : https://hbr.org/2017/12/how-machine-learning-can-help-identify-cyber-vulnerabilities )
Will 2018 be the big year for machine learning?Zdnet.com, December 13, 2017.
According to Deloitte’s TMT report, organizations will double up on their usage of machine learning technology by end of 2018. The report further states that the core element of AI i.e. Machine Learning will become as impressive as it is in 50 years of time that the machine learning abilities of now will be considered as the baby steps in the history of ML technology.By end of 2018, more than 25% of all chips used to accelerate machine learning in the data center will be application specific integrated circuits and field programmable gate arrays which will increase the usage of ML technology. In 2018, more than 2/3rd of large companies working with machine learning technology will have 10+ implementations.
(Source : http://www.zdnet.com/article/will-2018-be-the-big-year-for-machine-learning/ )
MIT's automated machine learning works 100x faster than human data scientists. TechRepublic, December 19, 2017.
Michigan State University developed an automated machine learning system named ATM (Auto Tune Models) that uses cloud based on-demand computing speed up data analysis. When solving a given data problem, data scientists have to scan through the datasets and select a modelling technique which they think would work best for the given problem. The difficulty here is that there are hundreds of modelling techniques that one can choose from and choose the best modelling technique actually makes a difference between making millions of dollars in ad revenue or zero, or finding a flaw in a medical device or not. ATM can select modelling techniques better than humans this has been tested for 30% of the datasets.ATM worked better than humans could , on average it took open-machine learning users an average of 200 days to build a solution whereas ATM could do it in less than a day y creating a better performing model than humans.
(Source : https://www.techrepublic.com/article/mits-automated-machine-learning-works-100x-faster-than-human-data-scientists/ )
Machine learning will be the most exciting tech trend of 2018: Persistent Systems CTO.MoneyControl.com, December 20, 2017.
Dr Siddhartha Chatterjee, CTO of Persistent Systems said in an interview with Moneycontrol that Machine Learning will be the most exciting, dominant and pervasive technology trend in 2018 for both consumers and enterprises. Millennials play an important role in the increased usage of chatbots, with 60% of them saying that they have used chatbots at least once. Chatbots are being adopted rapidly in customer facing industries like retail,banking , and telecom. India will be a broad contributor in machine learning with specialised AI and Machine Learning labs being setup in bigger corporate environments that are rolling machine learning platforms such as Ignio from TCS and Nia from Infosys.Overall, the future of machine learning technology in India is very vibrant and contributing in diverse ways for mainstream adoption.
(Source : http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/interview/machine-learning-to-be-the-most-exciting-tech-trend-of-2018-persistent-systems-cto-2465119.html )
Machine learning will not replace people in all jobs: Study. Economictimes.com, December 26, 2017.
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in US have found 21 factors to find out whether a task or a job is amenable to machine learning (ML). The study has found that machine learning systems just get better with experience and can outperform humans but they are highly unlikely to replace people in all jobs. It would be difficult to predict how machine learning will affect a specific job or profession because ML automates individual tasks and not all tasks are amenable to machine learning approach.A research found that machine learning could detect skin cancers better than dermatologists could do but this does not mean that machine learning can replace dermatologists because the job of dermatologists is not just evaluating lesions.Rather with the use of ML in detecting skin cancers, dermatologists will become better as they can spend more time with patients. Machine learning can definitely be a game changer for various tasks but that does not mean it can replace people in all jobs.
(Source: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/jobs/machine-learning-will-not-replace-people-in-all-jobs-study/articleshow/62253196.cms )
LinkedIn: Machine learning jobs are on the rise. SDTimes.com, December 27, 2017.
According to a recently released report by LinkedIn, data scientists, machine learning engineers and big data engineers are the top emerging tech jobs. These growing tech jobs are mostly in urban areas that include New York, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. There is also an increase in freelancers with major hiring in Oregon, California and New York. The LinkedIn report also finds that there is a decline in specialized roles as organizations are looking to hire machine learning engineers and data scientists with a more comprehensive skill set .
(Source: https://sdtimes.com/big-data-engineers/linkedin-machine-learning-jobs-rise/ )