How to generate stacked BAR plot in Python?
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How to generate stacked BAR plot in Python?

How to generate stacked BAR plot in Python?

This recipe helps you generate stacked BAR plot in Python

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Recipe Objective

Graphical representation of data gives us a better idea of the data. Bar graph is one of the way to do that.

So this is the recipe on how we can generate stacked BAR plot in Python.

Step 1 - Importing Library

import pandas as pd import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

We have only imported pandas and matplotlib which is needed.

Step 2 - Creating a dataframe

We have created a dictionary with different values and passed it to pd.DataFrame to create a dataframe. raw_data = {"first_name": ["Jason", "Molly", "Tina", "Jake", "Amy"], "pre_score": [4, 24, 31, 2, 3], "mid_score": [25, 94, 57, 62, 70], "post_score": [5, 43, 23, 23, 51]} df = pd.DataFrame(raw_data, columns = ["first_name", "pre_score", "mid_score", "post_score"]) print(df)

Step 2 - Creating Bar Graph

We have created a bar graph for that we have to set various things. We have fixed bar width, bar boundries and their position. f, ax = plt.subplots(1, figsize=(10,5)) bar_width = 1 bar_l = [i for i in range(len(df["pre_score"]))] tick_pos = [i+(bar_width/2)-0.5 for i in bar_l] Here we have set the stack segment of the bar graph, by calculating total and individual sum and their percentage. We have also set the position of the bar. totals = [i+j+k for i,j,k in zip(df["pre_score"], df["mid_score"], df["post_score"])] pre_rel = [i / j * 100 for i,j in zip(df["pre_score"], totals)] mid_rel = [i / j * 100 for i,j in zip(df["mid_score"], totals)] post_rel = [i / j * 100 for i,j in zip(df["post_score"], totals)] ax.bar(bar_l, pre_rel, label="Pre Score", alpha=0.9, width=bar_width, edgecolor="white") ax.bar(bar_l, mid_rel, bottom=pre_rel, label="Mid Score", alpha=0.9, width=bar_width, edgecolor="white") ax.bar(bar_l, post_rel, bottom=[i+j for i,j in zip(pre_rel, mid_rel)], label="Post Score", alpha=0.9, width=bar_width, edgecolor="white") We are setting the label of x axis, y axis and other parameters of the plot. print(tick_pos) plt.xticks(tick_pos, df["first_name"]) ax.set_ylabel("Percentage") ax.set_xlabel("") plt.xlim([min(tick_pos)-bar_width, max(tick_pos)+bar_width]) plt.ylim(-10, 110) plt.setp(plt.gca().get_xticklabels(), rotation=45) plt.show()

  first_name  pre_score  mid_score  post_score
0      Jason          4         25           5
1      Molly         24         94          43
2       Tina         31         57          23
3       Jake          2         62          23
4        Amy          3         70          51
[0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0]

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