MACHINE LEARNING RECIPES
# How to save and reload a deep learning model in Pytorch?

# How to save and reload a deep learning model in Pytorch?

This Pytorch recipe provides you a solution for saving and loading Pytorch models - entire models or just the parameters.

This recipe provides options to save and reload an entire model or just the parameters of the model. While reloading this recipe copies the parameter from 1 net to another net. There are 3 main functions involved in saving and loading a model in pytorch.

1. *torch.save*: This saves a serialized object to disk. It uses python's pickle utility for serialization. Models, tensors and dictionaries can be saved using this function.

2. *torch.load*: torch.load: Uses pickle's unpickling facilities to deserialize pickled object files to memory. This function also facilitates the device to load the data into.

3. *torch.nn.Module.load_state_dict*: Loads a model's parameter dictionary using a deserialized state_dict. The learnable parameters (i.e. weights and biases) of an torch.nn.Module model are contained in the model's parameters (accessed with model.parameters()). A state_dict is simply a Python dictionary object that maps each layer to its parameter tensor.

**What is PyTorch ?**

Pytorch is a Python-based scientific computing package that uses the power of graphics processing units and can replace the numpy library. It is also a very popular deep learning research platform built for flexibility and speed. You can use other Python packages such as NumPy, SciPy to extend PyTorch functionalities.

**What is Deep Learning Model ?**

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning. Deep learning uses neural networks to make predictions. A neural network takes inputs, which are then processed using hidden layers using weights that are adjusted during training. The model then outputs a prediction.

In [72]:

```
import torch
from torch.autograd import Variable
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline
torch.manual_seed(1) # reproducible
```

Out[72]:

In [73]:

```
#sample data
x = torch.unsqueeze(torch.linspace(-1, 1, 100), dim=1) # x data (tensor), shape=(100, 1)
y = x.pow(2) + 0.2*torch.rand(x.size()) # noisy y data (tensor), shape=(100, 1)
x, y = Variable(x, requires_grad=False), Variable(y, requires_grad=False)
```

In [74]:

```
def save():
# save net1
net1 = torch.nn.Sequential(
torch.nn.Linear(1, 10),
torch.nn.ReLU(),
torch.nn.Linear(10, 1)
)
optimizer = torch.optim.SGD(net1.parameters(), lr=0.5)
loss_func = torch.nn.MSELoss()
for t in range(100):
prediction = net1(x)
loss = loss_func(prediction, y)
optimizer.zero_grad()
loss.backward()
optimizer.step()
# plot result
plt.figure(1, figsize=(10, 3))
plt.subplot(131)
plt.title('Net1')
plt.scatter(x.data.numpy(), y.data.numpy())
plt.plot(x.data.numpy(), prediction.data.numpy(), 'r-', lw=5)
# 2 ways to save the net
torch.save(net1, 'net.pkl') # save entire net
torch.save(net1.state_dict(), 'net_params.pkl') # save only the parameters
```

In [75]:

```
def restore_net():
# restore entire net1 to net2
net2 = torch.load('net.pkl')
prediction = net2(x)
# plot result
plt.subplot(132)
plt.title('Net2')
plt.scatter(x.data.numpy(), y.data.numpy())
plt.plot(x.data.numpy(), prediction.data.numpy(), 'r-', lw=5)
```

In [76]:

```
def restore_params():
# restore only the parameters in net1 to net3
net3 = torch.nn.Sequential(
torch.nn.Linear(1, 10),
torch.nn.ReLU(),
torch.nn.Linear(10, 1)
)
# copy net1's parameters into net3
net3.load_state_dict(torch.load('net_params.pkl'))
prediction = net3(x)
# plot result
plt.subplot(133)
plt.title('Net3')
plt.scatter(x.data.numpy(), y.data.numpy())
plt.plot(x.data.numpy(), prediction.data.numpy(), 'r-', lw=5)
plt.show()
```

In [77]:

```
# save net1
save()
# restore entire net (may slow)
restore_net()
# restore only the net parameters
restore_params()
```

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