How to subtract a 1d array from a 2d array where each item of 1d array subtracts from respective row?
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# How to subtract a 1d array from a 2d array where each item of 1d array subtracts from respective row?

This recipe helps you subtract a 1d array from a 2d array where each item of 1d array subtracts from respective row

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## Recipe Objective

How to subtract a 1d array from a 2d array, where each item of 1d array subtracts from respective row? This is possible we just have to take 2 arrays, 1 is 1-dimensional and other is 2-dimensional array. After that we can use the simple substract symbol "-" to make the substraction, and in the 2 dimensional array just select all the rows and none of the columns for substraction.

## Step 1 - Import library

``` import numpy as np ```

## Step 2 - Take Sample data

``` first_1D_data = np.array([1,2,3]) second_2D_data = np.array([[4,5,6],[1,5,3]]) print("This is 1D array:","\n", first_1D_data, "\n") print("This is 2D array:","\n",second_2D_data) ```
```This is 1D array:
[1 2 3]

This is 2D array:
[[4 5 6]
[1 5 3]]```

## Step 3 - Print Results

``` Result = first_1D_data - second_2D_data[:,None] print("This is the Result of Substraction between 1D array and 2D array:","\n",Result) ```
```This is the Result of Substraction between 1D array and 2D array:
[[[-3 -3 -3]]

[[ 0 -3  0]]]```

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