What are factors in R?
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What are factors in R?

What are factors in R?

This recipe explains what are factors in R

Recipe Objective

What are factors in R ? Factors () are data objects that categorize the data or represent the categorical data, in order to store that data on multiple levels. The distinct values in factors are called levels. Factors can store integer as well as string values. This recipe demonstrates an example of factors with vectors as input.

Step 1 - Create a input vector

Enter all the categorical values in a input vector x

x <- c("good","better","good","best","bad","bad")

Step 2 - Apply factor()

Apply factor() function to x and storein output vector y

y <- factor(x)

Step 3 - Print output

Print y . The 'factors' are all values of input range and 'Levels' are the distinct values of the factors.

print(y)
 
"Output of the code is":

 good   better good   best   bad    bad   
Levels: bad best better good

To check if the value is factor or not , is.factor() can be used , if it returns TRUE, the value is a factor, if it returns FALSE, the value is not a factor.

is.factor(y)
"Output: TRUE" 

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