Pledge is used when the lender (pledgee) takes actual possession of assets (i.e. certificates, goods ). Such securities or goods are movable securities. In this case the pledgee retains the possession of the goods until the pledgor (i.e. borrower) repays the entire debt amount. In case there is default by the borrower, the pledgee has a right to sell the goods in his possession and adjust its proceeds towards the amount due (i.e. principal and interest amount). Some examples of pledge are Gold /Jewellery Loans, Advance against goods,/stock, Advances against National Saving Certificates etc.
Mar 05 2014 12:26 PM
Mortgage : is used for creating charge against immovable property which includes land, buildings or anything that is attached to the earth or permanently fastened to anything attached to the earth (However, it does not include growing crops or grass as they can be easily detached from the earth). The best example when mortage is created is when someone takes a Housing Loan / Home Loan. In this case house is mortgaged in favour of the bank / financer but remains in possession of the borrower, which he uses for himself or even may give on rent.