How to create and optimize a baseline Ridge Regression model?
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# How to create and optimize a baseline Ridge Regression model?

This recipe helps you create and optimize a baseline Ridge Regression model

0
This data science python source code does the following: 1. Implements Decomposition methods to reduce dimensions. 2. Implements Ridge Regression using GridSearchCV for hyperparameter tuning. 3. Normalization of the dataset. 4. Prints out the final optimized output.
In :
```## How to create and optimize a baseline Ridge Regression model
def Snippet_148():
print()
print(format('How to create and optimize a baseline Ridge regression model','*^82'))

import warnings
warnings.filterwarnings("ignore")

from sklearn import decomposition, datasets
from sklearn import linear_model
from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline
from sklearn.model_selection import GridSearchCV, cross_val_score
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler

# Load the iris flower data
X = dataset.data
y = dataset.target

# Create an scaler object
sc = StandardScaler()

# Create a pca object
pca = decomposition.PCA()

# Create a logistic regression object with an L2 penalty
ridge = linear_model.Ridge()

# Create a pipeline of three steps. First, standardize the data.
# Second, tranform the data with PCA.
# Third, train a Decision Tree Classifier on the data.
pipe = Pipeline(steps=[('sc', sc),
('pca', pca),
('ridge', ridge)])

# Create Parameter Space
# Create a list of a sequence of integers from 1 to 30 (the number of features in X + 1)
n_components = list(range(1,X.shape+1,1))

# Create lists of parameter for Ridge Regression
normalize = [True, False]
solver = ['auto', 'svd', 'cholesky', 'lsqr', 'sparse_cg', 'sag', 'saga']

# Create a dictionary of all the parameter options
# Note has you can access the parameters of steps of a pipeline by using '__’
parameters = dict(pca__n_components=n_components,
ridge__normalize=normalize,
ridge__solver=solver)

# Conduct Parameter Optmization With Pipeline
# Create a grid search object
clf = GridSearchCV(pipe, parameters)

# Fit the grid search
clf.fit(X, y)

# View The Best Parameters
print('Best Number Of Components:', clf.best_estimator_.get_params()['pca__n_components'])
print(); print(clf.best_estimator_.get_params()['ridge'])

# Use Cross Validation To Evaluate Model
CV_Result = cross_val_score(clf, X, y, cv=10, n_jobs=-1, scoring='r2')
print(); print(CV_Result)
print(); print(CV_Result.mean())
print(); print(CV_Result.std())

Snippet_148()
```
```***********How to create and optimize a baseline Ridge regression model***********
Best Number Of Components: 4

Ridge(alpha=1.0, copy_X=True, fit_intercept=True, max_iter=None,
normalize=False, random_state=None, solver='sparse_cg', tol=0.001)

[ 0.7366215   0.74783865 -0.1684087   0.57370647  0.62934032  0.66905734
0.29067879  0.10846035 -0.21149751  0.21975957]

0.35955567831516977

0.34634691622793723
```

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