How to create a n by n identity matrix in numpy?
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# How to create a n by n identity matrix in numpy?

This recipe helps you create a n by n identity matrix in numpy

## Recipe Objective

Identity matrix are ones having diagonal elements to 1 and rest of elemets to be 0.

So this recipe is a short example on how to create a n by n identity matrix. Let's get started.

## Step 1 - Defining the identity function

``` def identity(n): m=[[0 for x in range(n)] for y in range(n)] for i in range(0,n): m[i][i] = 1 return m ```

In 2nd line, we have created a 0 matrix of size n by n. Thereby, using for loop, updating the diagonal elements.

## Step 2 - Printing a 3 by 3 matrix

``` print(identity(3)) ```

We are calling identiy function of 3 by 3 matrix. Input needed for the function was 3.

## Step 3 - Let's look at our dataset now

Once we run the above code snippet, we will see:

```[[1, 0, 0], [0, 1, 0], [0, 0, 1]]
```

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